Social sciences and humanities
Subject: HISTORY OF SCHOOL (A.A. 2023/2024)
Unit STORIA DELLA SCUOLA
History of pedagogy (lesson)
|Exam type||written and oral divided|
The course is supposed to grow awareness about the epistemological foundations of the discipline, introducing them into the methodology of research in history of education and conducing them to acquire a critical knowledge of the most important events both of the history of Western education from the XVIII century to nowadays and of the history of Italian school from the first half of the XIX century to nowadays.
General knowledge of history from the Eighteenth Century to nowadays.
The course will be composes of 8 CFU, that is to say, 56 class hours. While modifications are possibile according to students' feedback, they might be divided as follow:
1 CFU: Introduction, education and school in the Enlightenment, Rousseau, the school between the French revolution and the napoleonic age;
1 CFU: Basedow, Pestalozzi, Froebel, Herbart, Lancaster and Bell, the school in early XIX-century Europe, education and school in the Italian Risorgimento
1 CFU: The Casati Law, school in early post-unification Italy, the problem of illiteracy
1 CFU: Positivist pedagogy, Giolitti's school reforms, Gentile's neoidealism
1 CFU: Pedagogic and school activism, Montessori, Dewey
1 CFU: The Gentile Reform and fascist school
1 CFU: post-WWII educational globalization in Europe and the United States, Skinner, Bruner, Piaget
1 CFU: School in republican Italy
Teaching is given through face-to-face lectures (except for national unforeseen events). Lessons' presentations will be made available to students Attendance is not compulsory, but it is presupposed. The teaching is given in Italian.
Final exam has a first part written, with open-answer questions, and a second part oral. The written part is organized upon 3 open-answer questions (each question: 0-10 points): time given is 60 minutes. Students whose evaluation of the written part is below 18 have failed the exam. Those whose grade is over 18 will have an oral interview and will be able to improve their grade further. The interview is based on the discussion of the written exam and of the contents of the textbooks.
At the end of the course, it is hoped that the student will be able to:
1) (Knowledge and understanding :)
a) orient oneself within the historical framework of contemporary education (from the eighteenth century to the present day);
b) describe in clear and clear motion the main pedagogical theories and their intrinsic characteristics as well as the general lines of the history of the school in Italy and argue their answers in an articulated and clear way.
2) (Applied knowledge and understanding :)
a) connect the different pedagogies, synchronously in the same historical period and diachronically from one historical period to another, highlighting similarities and differences;
b) mastering the historical-pedagogical lexicon, showing awareness of the issues of historical method and their application in research.
3) (Autonomy of judgment :)
a) verify their degree of learning and understanding of the concepts exposed thanks to both the possibility of intervention in class and the dialogue with the teacher, before and after the lesson or during a reception;
b) reorganize the knowledge learned and implement one's own capacity for critical and autonomous evaluation of what has been learned.
4) (Communication skills :)
a) express their knowledge correctly and logically, recognizing the required topic and responding in a timely and complete manner to the exam questions.
b) summarize and fully elaborate the essential pedagogical categories of the history of education, illustrating their key concepts and elements of distinction and internal connection.
5) (Learning ability :)
a) deepen the notions learned to continue their university career by making use of terminology, schemes, concepts, as tools to achieve a more complete knowledge of pedagogy;
b) master and refine one's own historical-pedagogical vocabulary, remembering its constitutive and expressive elements and learning to use the historical method regarding sources and criticism of sources.
FULVIO DE GIORGI (ed.), Storia della pedagogia, Brescia, Scholé-Morcelliana, 2021.
FULVIO DE GIORGI, ANGELO GAUDIO, FABIO PRUNERI (eds), Storia della scuola italiana, Scholé-Morcelliana, 2023 (o l'edizione precedente, 2019).
VINCENZO SCHIRRIPA, L'Ottocento dell'alfabeto italiano, Scholé-Morcelliana, 2017.
MONICA GALFRE', Tutti a scuola! L'istruzione nell'Italia del Novecento, Roma, Carocci, 2017.