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Subject: PRODUCT SAFETY, PRODUCT LIABILITY AND AUTOMOTIVE (A.A. 2021/2022)

master degree course in ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING

Course year 2
CFU 6
Teaching units Unit Product Safety, Product Liability and Automotive
To be chosen by the student (lesson)
  • TAF: Optional subjects SSD: IUS/01 CFU: 6
Teachers: Matteo DE PAMPHILIS, Enrico AL MUREDEN
Exam type written
Evaluation final vote
Teaching language inglese
Contents download pdf download

Teachers

Enrico AL MUREDEN
Matteo DE PAMPHILIS

Overview

The main purpose of the course is to enable students to efficiently handle the law fundamental issues involved in car manufacturing.
The course will focus on the UE and US legislation framework upon product liability law and product safety law. In a second phase the course will focus on the case law study having regard to the liability issues on the automotive sector.
The analysis of the legal system will be conducted in a comparative prospective between EU/US current regulation, with a particular focus on the economic analysis of the law.

Admission requirements

It is not required any particoular prerequisite

Course contents

I - INTRODUCTION TO PRIVATE LAW
PRIVATE LAW PRINCIPLES
TORT LAW PRINCIPLES

II -PRODUCT SAFETY AND PRODUCT LIABILITY IN THE UE LEGAL SYSTEM:
• The Directive 85/374/ECC;
• The concept of “defective product”:
• Design defect
• Manufacturing defect
• Warning defect
• Product safety and quality
• The general product safety directive 2001/95/EC;
• The concepts of safe” and “unsafe” products;
• Authorities involved in the harmonization and in the definition of harmonized European standards
• The withdrawal;
• The recall;
• The duty to warn;
III - PRODUCT SAFETY AND PRODUCT LIABILITY IN THE US LEGAL SYSTEM
• The uniform federal product safety standards;
• Agencies involved in the definition of harmonized standards on product safety;
• The concept of “defective product”:
• Design defect
• Manufacturing defect
• Warning defect

IV - AUTOMOTIVE AND PRIVATE LAW
• Car manufacturing, car circulation and the problem of the cost of the accidents
• The road safety and the car safety
• The Crashworthiness doctrine in US
• The role of National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
• The NHTSA safety standards
• The UE safety standards
• Vehicle’s safety and manufacturer liability in UE and US
• The manufacturer liability
• The liability of the manufacturer of a specific component
• The designer liability

V - HIGHLY AUTOMATED VEHICLES, CONNECTED VEHICLES AND AUTONOMOUS DRIVING CARS
• The legal aspects between existing laws, the role of the jurisprudence and the perspectives of a reform.
• Ethic issues arising from automated vehicles and the role of the law
The law making process in UE
• The ERTRAC Working Group’s Automated Driving Roadmap
• The common EU approach to liability rules and insurance for connected and autonomous vehicles
• The law making process in US - New Federal Guidance for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)
• The first cases of accidents caused by highly automated vehicles.

Teaching methods

Lessons will be held by Professor Enrico Al Mureden. Attending students will be able to study cases through small working groups where they will be able to produce their own solution to cases. Students will be offered the opportunity to take part in a moot court during the first and the second part of the course, as a conclusion of the case law analysis.

Assessment methods

The final assessment is based on a written exam

Learning outcomes

The student will be able to handle the main private law issue focused on the rules which governs the vehicle manufacturer’s liability, of the vehicle designer’s liability and also the liability of third parties as the consumer, the bystanders.

Readings

The materials will consist in papers drafted by the Professor and a selection of laws, regulations, documents and cases loaded on the University's website