Subject: VEHICLE GENERATED AIR POLLUTION (A.A. 2024/2025)
Unit Inquinamento atmosferico da emissioni veicolari
To be chosen by the student (lesson)
Learning of the nature of vehicular emissions and of the processes for their ageing, transformation and dispersion in the atmosphere. Learning of the direct and indirect techniques to estimate vehicular emissions.
Knowledge of the basis of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, as from the courses of Math. Analysis, General Physics ,and General Chemistry.
The atmosphere: its structure, physical-chemical proprieties, atmospheric stability, fundamentals of meteorology of pollutants and climatology. Elements of atmospheric dynamics and of pollutant dispersion models
Overview of conventional and non-conventional pollutants within vehicular emissions, e.g.: gasesous emissions by combustion and particulate emissions by break wear.
Details about atmospheric particulate matter: summary of its proprieties, characteristics, composition and its effects on climate and human health.
Atmospheric processes of ageing and transformation by vehicular emissions.
Principle of operation of instruments for the measurement of pollutants and their application to the direct estimate of vehicular emissions.
Technical standards and regulatory limits for vehicular emissions.
Brief description of emissions by aircraft and naval traffic and their impact on air quality.
The “dieselgate”: an environmental perspective.
Environmental assessment of fully-electric and hybrid-electric vehicles.
Brief descriptions of the modelling tools to estimate the impact of vehicular emissions on air quality and their use in environmental policies.
Lectures, exercises at the blackboard and at the PC.
oral final examinations
Knowledge about atmospheric pollution about vehicular emissions: characteristics of pollutants and of their transformation processes during their atmospheric lifetime. Regulations, technical standards and measurement techniques.
P. Baron, K. Willeke, P. Kulkarni, AEROSOL MEASUREMENT, 3nd edition, Wiley, 2011
J. H. Seinfeld, S. N. Pandis, ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS (3rd edition), Wiley, 2016.
W. C. Hinds, AEROSOL TECHNOLOGY, Wiley, 1999.
F. Amato editor, NON-EXHAUST EMISSIONS: AN URBAN AIR QUALITY PROBLEM FOR PUBLIC HEALTH, Academic Press, 2018
C. David Cooper, F. C. Alley, AIR POLLUTION CONTROL A DESIGN APPROACH 4th ed, Waveland press, 2011
N. de Nevers AIR POLLUTION CONTROL ENGINEERING 3rd ed, Waveland press, 2017