Social sciences and humanities
Subject: EUROPEAN LAW (A.A. 2022/2023)
Unit Diritto dell'Unione europea
Community Law (lesson)
The principal aim of this Course – to achieve by class attendance and/or individual study – is to help students understand what the European Union is and to introduce the basic issues of European Union Law. The Course is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills required to start the main legal professions (lawyer, notary, judge, mediator, public officer), a career in European (EU, Council of Europe) or international organizations or to attend Master of Laws programmes, PhD in Law programmes, la Scuola di specalizzaione per le professioni legali or other legal profession courses.
A good knowledge of the Italian language and a basic knowledge of the history of European integration.
The course will be divided into a general part and a special one. Students of "Lingue e Culture Europee" are required to study the general part only.
I: GENERAL PART (6 CFU)
The origins and the development of the European integration process: from the Schuman Declaration (1950) to the Lisbon Treaty (1 December 2009). The withdrawal of the United Kingdom. The institutions of the EU. The sources of EU Law. Primary law. Secondary law: forms of legal acts and hierarchy of norms. The general principles of EU law. The division of competences between the EU and member States. The citizenship of the European Union. The protection of human rights in the EU legal system: the EU Charter of fundamental rights and the problem of the EU accession to the European Convention of Human Rights. The effects of EU law in the national legal orders: direct effect and primacy of the EU law. The judicial protection of EU rights. The external relations. The Common Foreign and Security Policy. Sanctions (restrictive measures) adopted by the EU. The European area of freedom, security and justice.
II: SPECIAL PART (3 CFU)
The second part of the course will cover the European Citizenship and the free movement of natural persons.
The course mainly consists of university lectures, conducted so as to stimulate active participation of students to class discussion(questions, personal remarks). In the general framework of the course, seminars and meetings are also envisaged, with the partipation of external speakers (academics or practicioners) in order to discuss issues of special interest. Particur emphasis will be placed on discussing cases of European union law. Consultation of an updated code of EU law during the lessons, and for the exam, is recommended. The course will take place on campus, compatibly with sanitary provisions and consequent measures.
This course provides a final oral exam. The oral exam will be divided into two parts: in the first one, two or three questions are asked, in order to verify the general preparation of each student; in the second part, one more specific question is asked. In order to earn a pass grade (18) students must show a sufficient knowledge of the fundamental issues, whereas insufficient preparation with respect to a basic issue may determine a student failure. The top grades (30 and 30 e lode) are reserved for truly distinguished accomplisjhments. Generally, each oral exam consists of 3 questions and has a duration of 20/30 minutes. Exams will take place on campus, compatibly with sanitary provisions and consequent measures
Students will learn, by class attendance and participation in class discussion: the basic concepts and principles of European Union law, the correct methodology of study and legal research, the most recent and important judgments anf the development of legal doctrine. Students will also be helped understand how to connect the legal notions learned, how to consult and interpret legal sources as well as the importance of general principles for understaning and applying European Union law. The course will also enhance the ability of students to speak in public with a correct legal language and to present and discuss issues of European Union law and policy.
Per la parte generale (6 CFU):
A.M. CALAMIA, M. DI FILIPPO, S. MARINAI, Diritto dell’Unione europea, Manuale breve, Giuffrè, 2022, ad eccezione dei Capitoli VIII, IX
per la parte speciale (3 CFU):
A. M. CALAMIA, M. GESTRI, M. DI FILIPPO, S. MARINAI, F. CASOLARI, Lineamenti di diritto internazionale ed europeo delle migrazioni, Wolters Kluwer, Milano, 2021, limitatamente ai capitoli III, V, VI, VII (Sez. I e II).
PER GLI STUDENTI DI LINGUE E CULTURE EUROPEE, SI RICHIEDE LO STUDIO DEL SOLO TESTO DI PARTE GENERALE
N.B. Al fine del superamento dell'esame è indispensabile la conoscenza dei testi normativi di riferimento (trattati istitutivi): A tale riguardo si consiglia:
B. NASCIMBENE, Unione europea. Trattati, VI edizione, Giappichelli, Torino, 2021
PER L'INTEGRAZIONE DEI 3 CFU:
A. M. CALAMIA, M. GESTRI, M. DI FILIPPO, S. MARINAI, F. CASOLARI, Lineamenti di diritto internazionale ed europeo delle migrazioni, CEDAM, Padova, 2021, limitatamente ai capitoli III, V, VI, VII (Sez. I e II)
FOR ERASMUS STUDENTS:
A. Reinisch, Essentials of EU Law, 2nd ed., Cambridge, 2012;
Araceli Mangas Martin, Diego J. Linan Nogueras, Instituciones y Derecho de la Unión Europea, ed. Tecnos, (decima edizione), 2020